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New Class of Molecules Protect Neural Cell Integrity Upon Injury

Research led by Nicolas Bazan, MD, PhD, Boyd Professor and Director of the Neuroscience Center of Excellence at LSU Health New Orleans, has discovered a new class of molecules in the brain that synchronize cell-to-cell communication and neuroinflammation/immune activity in response to injury or diseases. Elovanoids (ELVs) are bioactive chemical messengers made from omega-3 very

October 15th, 2017|Categories: General News|Tags: , , , |

Virtual Brain Lab Brings Together World-leading Neuroscientists

Twenty-one leading neuroscience groups from around the world, including seven from UCL, have formed a "virtual brain lab" to test how the brain controls learning and decision making. The £10 million International Brain Lab brings together groups from UK, USA, France, Switzerland and Portugal to uncover how complex networks of brain cells support our ability to

October 14th, 2017|Categories: General News|Tags: , |

SLU Scientist: Hibernating Ribosomes Help Bacteria Survive

In the second of two high-profile articles published in recent weeks, Saint Louis University scientist Mee-Ngan F. Yap, Ph.D., in collaboration with the laboratories of 2009 Nobel laureate in chemistry Ada Yonath at the Weizmann Institute of Science and Alexey Amunts at Stockholm University, describe in Nature Communications new information about the structure of Staphylococcus

October 12th, 2017|Categories: Around The State, General News|Tags: , , |

Memory For Details Matures Gradually

In contrast to previous assumptions, the hippocampus, a brain structure that is central to learning and memory, does not complete its maturation until adolescence. Scientists of the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, the Max Planck UCL Centre for Computational Psychiatry and Ageing Research, and the University of Stirling were able to show this for

October 8th, 2017|Categories: General News|Tags: , |

Antibiotics warranted for kids with minor staph infections

The overuse of antibiotics has left some doctors questioning whether to give such drugs to children diagnosed with uncomplicated staph infections. Such infections often occur on the skin and look like a pus-filled bug bite. Now, research led by Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis indicates that prescribing antibiotics — in addition to

New Fluorescent Dyes Could Advance Biological Imaging

With a new technique to craft a spectrum of glowing dyes, chemists are no longer chasing rainbows. Swapping out specific chemical building blocks in fluorescent molecules called rhodamines can generate nearly any color scientists desire –­ ­ROYGBIV and beyond, researchers report September 4, 2017 in the journal Nature Methods. The work offers scientists a way to adjust

September 20th, 2017|Categories: General News|Tags: , , |

Human skin cells transformed directly into motor neurons

Scientists working to develop new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases have been stymied by the inability to grow human motor neurons in the lab. Motor neurons drive muscle contractions, and their damage underlies devastating diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy, both of which ultimately lead to paralysis and early death. In new

Scientists Find RNA with Special Role in Nerve Healing Process

Scientists may have identified a new opening to intervene in the process of healing peripheral nerve damage with the discovery that an “anti-sense” RNA (AS-RNA) is expressed when nerves are injured. Their experiments in mice show that the AS-RNA helps to regulate how damaged nerves rebuild their coating of myelin, which, like the cladding around

September 5th, 2017|Categories: General News|Tags: , |

Technology Key to Fighting Neurological Disease

New technologies may be on the way to better help doctors diagnose and treat patients with neurological diseases. Researchers from the National Neuroscience Institute (NNI) and Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU) have come together to develop several new technologies, including an artificial intelligence system that can accurately identify types of traumatic brain injuries from computed

September 3rd, 2017|Categories: General News|Tags: , , , |